Freemasonry is the largest initiatory and fraternal organization in the world. Given many speculations of what freemasonry truly is, it would be difficult to give it a concise explanation.
The organization’s rituals and the rules of internal conduct are never disclosed to the general public, and its lists of members are never published anywhere. Freemasonry is by all means neither a religious nor a political organization. Members are constantly encouraged to seek self-improvement. Being a secret society, Freemasonry has been a subject to an enormous amount of conspiracy theories to which no real connections exist.
Freemasonry, or sometimes referred to as Masonry, is also the oldest fraternal organization.
It can only be speculated as to when or where it emerged because many of historical records have perished. It is possible that Freemasonry has its roots in the old masonic guilds, who built medieval castles and cathedrals. Another view would suggest it being a legacy of the Knights Templar order, a group of monks-warriors founded in 1118, who pledged to protect those travelling to the Holy Land.
In 1717, Freemasonry founded its official Grand Lodge in London, England. The United Grand Lodge of England, or UGLE, is an administrative unit responsible for the recognition of Freemasonry around the globe.
The fundamental principles of Freemasonry
1. Every Mason reaffirms its faith in God and in the immortality of the Soul.
2. a Freemason believes that how he worships God is his business and only his, and how to worship God other masons — it is up to them and only them. Accordingly, masons believe strongly in freedom of religion.
3. Freemasonry does not offer any way to Salvation. Every Mason should look for him there, where he worshiped God, that the Brotherhood only encouraged and strongly discouraged.
4. Since religion and politics so often cause strife between the people, these questions are prohibited for discussion in a Masonic Lodge.
5. Freemasonry seeks to bring people of all faiths together in a Brotherhood based on mutual respect to work together for the benefit of the needy. If the religion of the free Mason requires a life filled with care and help to people less fortunate in this life, Freemasonry offers him a variety of ways of implementing his tender passion. In this issue Freemasonry strives to become the perfect ally of any moral religion.
6. a Mason must never put his duties to the Brotherhood above their duty to Family, to God and to the Homeland.
Twelve principles of regularity
1. Freemasonry is an initiatory fraternity based on traditional belief in God.
2. Freemasonry is based on Ancient precepts and Landmark brotherhood, containing the main specific traditions of the Order, the observance of which is indispensable for the regularity of jurisdiction.
3. Freemasonry is the Order of receiving into their membership only free people and reputation willing to work for the sake of the ideals of peace, love and brotherhood.
4. Freemasonry believes its goal the moral improvement of its members and, ultimately, humanity as a whole.
5. Freemasonry imposes on all the brothers the obligation to strictly and accurately follow the rituals and preserve the traditions of Masonic symbolism as a basis for the recognition of other members of the spiritual initiation Order.
6. Freemasonry imposes on all the brothers the obligation to respect the opinions and faith of each other. It prohibits the Brethren any discussion aboutpolitical and religious issues. It considers itself a constant center of fraternal unity, tolerance and understanding, a fruitful harmony between the people outside of it is prone to disputes and contentions among themselves.
7. The masons bring its solemn commitments on the Book of the sacred Law of their faith, in order to bring their commitments in the sacred and unbreakable vow.
8. Masons leave profane’s world and collected in Lodges, which are always present and are on view three of the great cressets of the Order: the Book of the Sacred Law, the Compass and the Square, and work there with zeal and eagerness, in accordance with the ritual and principles and consistent provisions of the Constitution and the General Regulations of the obedience.
9. Masons take in their lodges only people of good morals and perfect reputation, loyal to the civil authorities and prudent, dignified and in all respects worthy to be called Brothers who believe in the high destiny of man and the infinite power of the eternal.
10. The Freemasons in their Lodges cultivate love to the country, respect for its laws and to the legally elected authorities. They consider the labor in all its forms the highest honor and a duty.
11. The masons by example, and constant hard works safely and with dignity observe Masonic secrecy in the name of prosperity of the Order.
12. Masons are obliged to help each other and protect each other, even at the risk of his own life. They in all circumstances remain calm and poise necessary for mastery of himself.
Bukeikhanov Alikhan Nurmukhamed-uly was born in Karkalinsk district of Karaganda region in 1866, shot in Moscow on September 27, 1937. He studied at the Omsk technical school, at the faculty of Economics of the forestry Institute in St. Petersburg, after which he conducted pedagogical and scientific work at the Omsk forestry school.
In 1903 in the 18 volume collection under the title “Russia. Full geographical description of our region”. In this volume, dedicated to Kazakhstan, one of the authors was Bukeikhanov, who wrote the section ” Distribution of the population of the Kyrgyz (i.e. Kazakh) region in the territory, its ethnographic composition, life and culture.” In this section, he gave a General description of the culture of the Kazakh people, attracting materials of “folk literature”, focusing in particular on the analysis of the poem”Kozy-Korpesh and Bayan”. It is noteworthy that he specifically distinguishes Abay, highly appreciating him as a “representative of the new trend” in Kazakh poetry. Bukeikhanov and later tried to present Abay to the Russian reader, and it is not casual as the generation of the intellectuals-Kazakhs of the beginning of the XX century advocating for state self-determination of the Kazakh people in every possible way emphasized the ideological relationship with Abay, sought to master widely cultural heritage of the past as incentive to awakening and development of national consciousness.